16 Things To Do After Installing Ubuntu 16.04 LTS



But before you award yourself a well-earned pat on the back I heartily suggest you check out this list of the top 16 things to do after installing Ubuntu 16.04 LTS.

16 things to do after installing Ubuntu 16.04
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You’ll find it jam-packed with common-sense tips, nifty tweaks and helpful advice. It doesn’t matter if you’re a brand new Ubuntu user (welcome!) or an experienced stalwart (how’s it going?) – you’ll find something of use.

Feel free to use the comments section at the bottom of this article to share you own post-install must-dos with other readers.

Ready to dive in?

1. See What’s New in Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

ubuntu 16.04 lts xenial xerus

New options! New apps! New kernel! New… everything!

Some exciting new changes feature in Ubuntu 16.04 LTS so be sure to take a few minutes to familiarize yourself with what’s new and improved.

Whether you upgrade from 2014’s Ubuntu 14.04 LTS or waddle on up through the Wily Werewolf, you’re going to find the same neat new features and apps on offer.

For example, if you’re doing a fresh install then the Unity Dash no longer includes online search features by default.You will need to explicitly opt-in to see web links, shopping results and other cruft in the Unity Dash. In earlier versions of Ubuntu you had to opt-out.

Seasoned Ubuntu pros and fresh-faced newbies alike can peruse a full list of all the natty new features in our release recap post:

See What’s New In Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

2. Check for Any Last Minute Updates

ubuntu update notification

Update notification in Ubuntu 16.04

Now that you’re up to speed on what’s new, next step is tocheck for updates.

Yes, I appreciate that this sounds like an odd thing to do after upgrading or installing but it’s important that you do it.

Firstly, not everyone is reading this list on release date. And even if you are, a few last-minute security, stability or bug fixes may have slipped out between the installation image being created and you installing from it — bugs don’t stick to the same deadlines that developers do!

How to check for updates on Ubuntu:

  1. Launch the ‘Software Updater’ tool from the Unity Dash
  2. Click the button to check for updates
  3. Install (if needed)

3. Install Linux Graphics Drivers


Install GPU drivers

Ubuntu supports most Nvidia and Intel graphics hardware out of the box, giving you a choice of free, open-source drivers or proprietary, closed-source drivers.

But to get the best performance from your Ubuntu PCyou will want to use the latest proprietary graphics drivers available for your hardware.

Ubuntu makes it easy to do this, and you benefit from a smoother Unity desktop experience as a result.  You’ll squeeze higher frame rates out of your favourite games, too. 😉

If you plan to play the latest Steam games on Ubuntu or use GPU heavy apps like Blender you should install the latest proprietary Linux graphics drivers available for your hardware.

To do this:

  1. Open up the ‘Software & Updates’ tool from the Unity Dash
  2. Click the ‘Additional Drivers’ tab
  3. Follow any on-screen prompts to check for, install and apply any changes 

Gamers using Nvidia hardware who are willing to trade a bit of stability for a whole lot of newness can use the Nvidia Graphics PPA to install newer Nvidia Linux graphics drivers.


Those of you on Radeon device should be aware that the standard AMD driver is NOT SUPPORTED in 16.04 at this time. A future point release is expected to bring support for the new AMDGPU driver. Expect a regression in system performance if you upgrade.

4. Install Media Codecs


Playing MP3s in Rhythmbox

Legal issues stop Ubuntu from being able to play MP3, MP4 and other media files ‘out of the box’.

Ubuntu can play your audio and video files, you just have to tell it to do so.

The easiest way to do this is to check (tick) the ‘Enable Restricted Formats‘ box during installation. This will install all the required multimedia codecs automatically, along with the OS itself.

If you forgot to do that (or upgrade from an earlier release) you can install the multimedia codecs manually via the Software app:

Install Ubuntu Restricted Extras

5. Enable ‘Minimise on Click’

unity launcher

Click on an app launcher icon to open an app. Click on the same icon again to minimise the app. Intuitive, right?

That may be, but it is not the default behaviour in Unity — which can be off-putting to new users. It’s also not obvious how to enable it.

Run the following command (or install/use Unity Tweak Tool > Unity > Launcher > Minimise):

gsettings set org.compiz.unityshell:/org/compiz/profiles/unity/plugins/unityshell/ launcher-minimize-window true

6. Move The Unity Launcher

2016-04-06 20_25_32

Ubuntu positions its app launcher on the left-hand side of the desktop by default.

Ubuntu 16.04 finally lets you choose where the Unity launcher is positioned.

If you want to move the Unity launcher to the bottom of the screen run the following command in a new Terminal (or install/use Unity Tweak Tool > Unity > Launcher > Position):

gsettings set com.canonical.Unity.Launcher launcher-position Bottom

7. Install New GTK and Icon Themes

greybird and arc GTK themes

Ubuntu can be themed to suit your tastes

Ubuntu’s default look is nice enough, but it’s not to everyone’s tastes.

For those who switch to Ubuntu from Mac OS X, Windows 10 or a different design-led Linux distro like elementary, the stock Ambiance GTK theme and Ubuntu Mono icon set can seem humdrum and old-fashioned.

The good news is that it is easy to make Ubuntu look fantastic. You can do this in a number of ways.

The ‘Appearance‘ section in Ubuntu System Settings lets you adjust parts of the Ubuntu desktop to suit your needs, including:

  • Change the desktop wallpaper
  • Switch to a light theme
  • Adjust the size of icons on the Unity launcher

For more customization options, be it changing the desktop font or choosing which side window controls appear, install the free Unity Tweak Tool from Software.

Install Unity Tweak Tool from the Ubuntu Software Center

For a more thorough visual revamp you can install new GTK and icon themes, like our current favourite Arc.

Sift through our Themes section to find other ‘eye candy’, including desktop wallpapers, widgets and cool apps.

8. Decide Where App Menus Show Up

Do you prefer app menus to be in app?

Do you prefer app menus to show in-app?

Application menus appear in Ubuntu’s top panel by default and auto-hide after a set several seconds.

A great way to save space, but also a great way to confuse. When you’re using several apps it’s often hard to know which app the ‘Files’, ‘Edit’, etc. strip at the top of the screen belongs to — or where they’ve suddenly vanished to!

Ubuntu provides options inside the System Settings > Appearance pane that allow you to choose where app menus appear.

If you’d rather see menus inside the window of the app they belong to:

  1. Go to ‘System Settings > Appearance’
  2. Select the ‘Behavior’ tab
  3. Find the section headed: ‘Show the Menus for a Window’
  4. Check (click) the circle next to ‘In the window’s title bar’

To make application menus ‘Always Show’:

  1. Go to ‘System Settings > Appearance’
  2. Select the ‘Behavior’ tab
  3. Find the section headed: ‘Menus visibility’
  4. Check (click) the circle next to ‘Always displayed’

9. Explore The New ‘Software’ Store

software center new to ubuntu 16.04 LTS

A new software store ships as part of Ubuntu 16.04 LTS.

Direct from the department of “Long Overdue Changes”,  this all-new app store replaces the Ubuntu Software Center which has shipped in every Ubuntu release since Ubuntu 9.10!

‘Software’ (inspired name, right?) is a sleeker, snappier storefront letting you browse, install and update apps. If you’re used to the old Software Center then be prepared to relearn a few tricks.

The ‘Software’ tool is host to thousands of free apps, including:

  • Steam – Game distribution platform
  • GIMP – Advanced image editor similar to Photoshop
  • Corebird – Desktop Twitter client
  • VLC – Versatile media player
  • Chromium – Open-source web browser (differences)
  • Skype¹ – VoIP service
  • Shutter – Screenshot annotation tool

10. Install Your Favourite Apps

third party linux apps

Not every app you wish to use is available to install through the new Software tool. In fact, a wealth of awesome Linux software exists outside of the main Ubuntu repositories.

You won’t find these in the Ubuntu software store. Easy-to-install .Deb package downloads, which you double-click on to install, are available for most of the following apps:

The official websites of the apps mentioned are linked above to help you learn more about them and to download an Ubuntu installer.

If you want even more awesome app suggestions why not bookmark our Apps section?

View App Posts on OMG! Ubuntu!

11. Sync Your Cloud Account(s)



You know that having a backup of your important files, folders and documents is super important.

Whether you prefer to pocket your personal files in Dropbox, OneDrive or Google Drive, try to get everything in sync as soon as possible after your install.

Most major cloud providers, excepting Apple iCloud, can be used on Ubuntu. Some of these are easier to set up than others, though:

  • Dropbox provides a native Linux client that is regularly updated
  • OwnCloud lets you host your own personal cloud for ultimate control
  • OneDrive is accessible through third-party scripts
  • InSync offers unofficial Google Drive Linux support (for a fee)

Also keep in mind that not all of the apps listed integrate with Nautilus, the file manager used in Ubuntu.

12. Install Adobe Flash on Linux

Flash sucks, but for some sites you may not have the option of not using it.

Adobe officially stopped supporting Flash on Linux in 2012 and many web browsers are in the process of dropping support for its NPAPI architecture.

The overall best solution for using Flash on Linux is to download and use Google Chrome. Chrome comes with anup-to-date version of the Flash plugin built-in. In fact it’s the only way to get the latest Flash player updates on Linux — and it’s a PPAPI plugin, too.

But I appreciate that not everyone wants to use Chrome. Some of you may be using a 32-bit version of Ubuntu, which Chrome no longer supports. Whatever the reason you need it, here’s how to get it:

Install Flash Player Plugin

If you want to watch Amazon Instant Video, Hulu or any other sites that uses DRM through HAL, we’ve got a guide on that.

13. Supercharge The Unity Dash


A lone toggle

The Unity Dash is the hub of the OS. You can search, preview and open recent files, folders, installed apps and media content.

But it can do so much more if you ask it to.

How does checking the weather forecast without leaving your desktop sound? What about sifting through Wikipedia articles, previewing music on SoundCloud, or browsing eBay? All possible when you enable Unity’s online search feature.

Head to the Privacy & Security section of System Settings. From there you can also:

  • Enable online search features in the Unity Dash
  • Choose which folders and files appear in the Dash
  • Turn on/off automatic error reporting

14. Pick a Gnarly New Wallpaper


If the default wallpapers chosen for Ubuntu 16.04 LTS don’t quite meet your taste, feel free to change it.

The Xubuntu Community Wallpaper package from the Software store has a collection of 10 high-resolution nature photographs, including a cute nut-nibbling squirrel!

Install Xubuntu community wallpapers

Check our Wallpaper category for even more inspiration.

15. Install a System Cleaner

Caches and cruft accumulate as you use Ubuntu. To keep your fresh install feeling, well, fresh you should do a bit of basic housekeeping from time to time.

bleachbit running on ubuntu 16.04

One of my favourite system cleaning apps is BleachBit (free, open source). BleachBit can tackle menial tasks, from clearing your browser’s cache to deleting packages left over from installation, all at the push of a button.

If you upgrade from an earlier version of Ubuntu using a system cleaning tool (or command) is a foolproof way to claw back some precious space. You’ll also keep your system running lean ‘n mean — which is always bonus!

Just be careful about what you clean: don’t remove anything you’re unsure of.

Install BleachBit on Ubuntu

16. Tell Others About Ubuntu

xenial xerus mascot

If the 15 steps before this one are the bread, then this 16th idea is definitely the cheese! 😉

If you try Ubuntu 16.04 LTS and like it remember to tell someone about it.

There are plenty of ways to tell other people about Ubuntu (and open-source software in general). You might:

  • Burn a Live DVD/USB for someone you know to try
  • Share what you like about it on social media and blogs
  • Contribute to development by reporting bugs
  • Wear an Ubuntu t-shirt or put Linux stickers on your laptops
  • Join an Ubuntu LoCo team or Linux User Group

If you have your own top tips for spreading word about Ubuntu do share them in the comments section below.

Over To You: What Are Your Post-Install Tips?

Those are our action items post-release, but what are yours? Share your tips and tweaks in the comments section below.

A polite notice: This list is about things do after installing Ubuntu 16.04 LTS. If you don’t want to use Unity don’t install the regular version of Ubuntu. Several community flavors ship with other desktop environments installed and integrated by default. Save yourself the hassle of ‘uninstalling Unity’ by installing one that doesn’t include it!

¹Requires the Canonical partner repository 

WeatherDesk Sets Your Desktop Background To Current Weather

weather wallpaper

Cast your minds way, way, way back in time and see if you can remember an app we wrote about called WeatherPaper.

WeatherPaper was a simple GUI app that would automatically change your desktop wallpaper to an image matching the current weather conditions in your location.

So, for example, if it started raining outside your 02 - iXenAaOwallpaper would change to a rainy vista, but when the clouds moved on and the sun popped back out you’d get a sun-filled background.

It was a simple concept and wonderfully neat. Sadly, WeatherPaper was discontinued a long time ago.

Introducing WeatherDesk

OMG! Reader Bharadwaj Raju liked the concept of WeatherPaper so much that he set about creating a continuation of it.

The result is a new Python 3 app called WeatherDesk.

WeatherDesk works with most modern Linux desktops, including Unity, Cinnamon and MATE. Heck, it even runs on Openbox. KDE users are out of luck though as Raju says the DE doesn’t offer a way to change wallpapers programmatically.

The GPL v3 licensed app is written in Python 3 and requires no dependencies — but it does require a bit of effort to get it up and running.

You can head on over to the Github project page linked below for full details on how to download, configure and run the app. Alternatively see our simplified instructions below.

WeatherDesk on Github

Use WeatherDesk on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

First things first, get the latest version of the app via Github:

Download WeatherDesk v3 Source

Extract the archive to your home folder.

Next, open a Terminal and run the app using the following command:

python3 ~/WeatherDesk.py

Assuming you’re in the right directory the app should complain that there are no wallpapers in the~/.weatherdesk_walls folder it creates. You’ll need to download some (see below for more on that).

If you want to specify a specific wallpaper folder location run:

python3 ~/WeatherDesk.py --dir /path/to/wallpapers

By default the app will ascertain your location based on your IP address. You can override this by using the –city Name argument:

python3 ~/WeatherDesk.py --city Riga

Finding Wallpapers

weather wallpapers

Although WeatherDesk is set up to handle weather wallpapers it doesn’t come pre-bundled with any.

Instead you’ll need to find some (e.g., Googling and saving images) and name them accordingly:

      WEATHER       |    FILENAME
 Clear, Calm, Fair:   | normal.jpg
 Thunderstorm:        | thunder.jpg
 Windy, Breeze, Gale: | wind.jpg
 Drizzle, Rain:       | rain.jpg
 Snow:                | snow.jpg
 Cloudy:              | cloudy.jpg
 Other:               | normal.jpg

If you plan to use the –time flag you’ll also need to add wallpapers with the following prefies: day-*, night-* (for –time 2) plus evening-* (for –time 3) and morning-* (for –time 4).

If you intend to use the default settings you do not need to add these wallpapers.

For a pack of wallpapers ready to use with this app check out the custom set recommended by the app author called ‘Firewatch’ or a basic pack I whipped up in a couple of minutes.

Thanks to Bharadwaj Raju

Radiohead : A Moon Shaped Pool

With their ninth studio album, Radiohead move beyond the existential angst that made them music’s preeminent doomsayers, pursuing a more personal—and eternal—form of enlightenment.

Amoeba Music

Radiohead, who titled their ninth studio album A Moon Shaped Pool, have a unique grasp on how easily profundity can slip into banality. Their music is obsessed with the point where great truths harden into platitudes, where pure signal meets wretched noise. In the past, Thom Yorke has sharply peppered his lyrics with everyday cliches to suggest a mind consumed by meaningless data, but on the new album, he largely moves beyond cynicism. He is now considering simpler truths in a heretofore-unexplored register: wonder and amazement. “This goes beyond me, beyond you,” he sings on “Daydreaming.” “We are just happy to serve you.” There is no concealed razor under Yorke’s tongue as he offers this thought, or in the pearly music that surrounds him. It sounds for all the world like the most cloistered and isolated soul in modern rock music opening up and admitting a helplessness far more personal than he’s ever dared. Yorke has flirted with surrender before, and on A Moon Shaped Pool, that submission feels nearly complete.

The album is framed by two older pieces of music that act as gateways to the darker, unfamiliar waters within. Opener “Burn the Witch” has been floating around, in some form or another, since Kid A. “This is a low-flying panic attack,” Yorke announces, explicitly linking to the bad old days of air crashes, iron lungs, and wolves at doors. (In fact, several of the song’s lyrics—“avoid all eye contact,” “cheer at the gallows”—first appeared in the album art to 2003’s anti-Bush polemic Hail to the Thief.) Meanwhile, Jonny Greenwood’s brittle modernist string arrangement reinforces the angst, turning the orchestra into a giant pair of gnashing teeth. It’s a vintage splash of Radiohead stomach acid, a cloud of gnats unleashed in your cranial nerves.

It also feels like an exorcism for what follows: a plunge into something scarier than the military industrial complex, or the insidious nature of propaganda, or human nature’s disturbing tendency towards unquestioning obedience. Yorke separated from his partner of 23 years and the mother to his two children last August, and on “Identikit,” he sings “Broken hearts make it rain” and “When I see you messin’ me around, I don’t want to know.”

That isn’t to say that this is necessarily a “break-up album.” Separations (particularly those involving children) take place in the harsh light of day, with lawyers’ appointments and checklists and logistical arrangements. Radiohead albums are the stuff of dreams and nightmares, and the band retains a healthy resistance to clarity; their music is a maze of signs you can peer into any way you like. Even so, the impact of trauma, a sort of car crash of the soul, is palpable. The music here feels loose and unknotted, broken open in the way you can only be after a tragedy. “There’s a spacecraft blocking out the sky,” Yorke observes on “Decks Dark,” as choral voices pass overhead. The scene is straight from 1997’s “Subterranean Homesick Alien,” but here Yorke doesn’t sound “uptight.” He sounds utterly drained, as if impending invasion doesn’t concern him at all.

A song title like “Glass Eyes” hints at many of the band’s longstanding morbid preoccupations—the semblance of humanity in something cold and dead, or the violation of the biological body by foreign objects—but the song is a bloodflow of strings straight into the heart. “Hey it’s me, I just got off the train,” Yorke sings, and it’s a strikingly ordinary image: the Paranoid Android himself, picking up the phone and calling someone to tell them he’s just arrived. “I feel this love turn cold,” he confesses as the ballad draws to a close, the phrasing an echo, subconscious or not, of his Kid Asign-off “I’ll see you in the next life.” A throbbing cello appears like a lump in the throat; the song fades away.

Throughout the album, Yorke’s everyday enlightenment is backed by music of expanse and abandon. The guitars sound like pianos, the pianos sound like guitars, and the mixes breathe with pastoral calm. “The Numbers,” a song about the impending apocalypse brought on by climate change, meanders along, its groove as wide as an ocean. Even the malevolent synth wave that passes through “Ful Stop” sounds like a visitor, a momentary darkness rather than a caged spirit. As the song builds, the band works up a coursing groove that will feel familiar to longtime fans, with its interlocking guitars and an arterial bustle of rhythms serving to launch Yorke’s wordless moan. It’s a sound that Radiohead has spent the last decade honing, but the payoff here is deeper and more gratifying than it has been in a while.

The added dimension comes from Yorke, who pumps fresh oxygen into these songs, many of which have existed in sketch-like forms for years. On the lonely folk hymn “Desert Island Disk,” he sings of an epiphanic experience: “The wind rushing ‘round my open heart/An open ravine/In my spirit white.” As a vision of transformation, it feels like the inverse to Amnesiac’s “Pyramid Song,” where his only companions were the dead; here, he is “totally alive.”

And then there’s “True Love Waits.” It’s an old song, one that has been around in various forms for over two decades, but unlike “Burn the Witch” or the other teased sketches and scraps that Radiohead diehards pick apart on forums, it’s long been a part of their canon. It appeared on the 2001 live album I Might Be Wrong and, dragged into 2016, feels like a relic from a different geological era. “I’ll drown my beliefs,” Yorke sings, “just don’t leave.” It is the message they leave us with, this very open-hearted song that has always felt like an open wound in their discography, a geyser of feeling erupting out of scorched earth. Its very inclusion is a striking moment of transparency.

The version here is just Yorke and a piano, so reverberant and echo-drenched that it feels like we’ve stuck our heads inside it. Yorke croons tenderly, never opening up into his chest voice. It’s sung to one person this time, not crowds. In its mundane visions of “lollipops and crisps,” the lyrics purposefully skirt doggerel, an acknowledgment that cliches can be, in fact, where all the action is. “I’m not living/I’m just killing time,” the 47-year-old admits. You can write a line like that and set it to music; you can perform it for years in front of adoring millions; you can carry the idea around in your heart and mind. But it might take a lifetime for it to strike, as it does here, with a newfound power. The truth, as always, lies in plain sight, right there in the kicking and the squealing, the panic and the vomit. Some truths just take longer to see than others.